Journal of FARM SCIENCES, Vol 30, No 2 (2017)

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Dynamics of cropping pattern in Mandya district of Karnataka



The change in cropping pattern in particular span of time clearly indicates the changes that have taken place inthe agricultural development. These changes are brought about by socio-political influence. The irrigation intensity in thestudy area was hardly 118 per cent, and nearly 72 per cent of the total irrigated area in Mandya district depends on canalwater for irrigation, while tanks and tube/bore wells support 16 per cent and 4 per cent of the irrigated area. The compoundannual growth in irrigated area was relatively very high, positive and significant in the case of tanks (11.65), followed bytube/bore wells (8.59) and canal (2.70). Paddy, ragi, coconut, sugarcane, horsegram, maize and sesamum are the major cropscultivated in the study area. It was found that mono-cropping was done season after season and year after year and notmuch of healthy crop rotation practices were followed. Given the availability of irrigation water, the current croppingpattern with greater emphasis on paddy and sugarcane for commercial reasons and ragi for domestic consumption purposes,would be likely to continue in the near future. Coconut being a plantation crop, not much change in its acreage was recorded.There is significant positive growth in area and production of maize, banana and coconut, whereas there was significant butnegative growth in the case of groundnut and blackgram. However, a drift away from paddy is needed to improve the soilhealth status. For this to happen, alternative profitable cropping systems need to be popularized in the area.

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