Journal of FARM SCIENCES, Vol 30, No 2 (2017)

Font Size:  Small  Medium  Large

Nutrition education - a strategy to manage urolithiasis



Kidney stone disease is among the most painful and prevalent urological disorders. This disease is related to dietand lifestyle pattern of an individual. A study was carried out to develop nutrition education material and to know its impacton knowledge and practices of stone patients. About 30 selected kidney stone patients and equal number of age and gendermatched controls were selected for education intervention. Nutrition education was given on different aspects of kidneystones and its management, through power point presentations, flash cards and booklet. Knowledge and practices wereassessed before and after the intervention, which lasted for two months. The results of the study revealed that, higherpercentage of renal stone patients belonged to the overweight and obese grade I category compared to control subjects (overweight 46.67% vs 30%, obese grade I 26.67% vs 6.67%). Only few subjects in control group belonged to the obese gradeII category (6.67%). Half the subjects in both the groups had normal WHR (56.67% and 53.33% respectively). Majorityof subjects had no family history of stone disease in both the groups (63%). Maximum patients in both the groups had lowknowledge scores about the disorder (40% vs 43.33%), followed by moderate knowledge (33.33% vs 13.33). Educationalintervention had a positive impact on the knowledge scores of the stone patients (experimental: Initial-53.81%,Final-95.48%, Control: Initial-55%, Final-56.98%). Improvement in dietary and life style pattern was observed after theintervention (53.33%), viz., increased water and fluid consumption, restricting salt, tea, bakery products, sugar, animalfoods, fats, purine and oxalate rich foods. Thus, it was concluded that nutrition education is useful in the management ofurolithiasis.

Full Text: PDF