Journal of FARM SCIENCES, Vol 30, No 2 (2017)

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Physical properties of ink-jet printed cotton fabric



In recent days the most popular printing technique is ink jet printing which have the potential to meet the newmarket requirements. Furthermore, these techniques have the capability to produce printed fabrics with significantlyreduced effluent outputs and with lower water and energy usage. Such technology is currently being explored and developedfor commercial textile printing. The aim of this paper is to study the physical properties of ink-jet printed cotton fabric. 100per cent plane cotton fabric was used for the present study. Five different solid pantone colours were selected for ink-jetprinting and assessed for the physical properties. ink-jet printed fabrics were air dried and steamed with superheatedsteamer. The steamed fabrics were finally washed to remove unreacted dyes and chemicals. Steamed printed samples weresubjected to physical standard testes. The physical properties of all the ink-jet printed samples were evaluated by standardIS testing methods before and after printing. Experimental results revealed that after printing and steaming process, therewas consolidation of yarns in warp and weft directions, in turn resulting into increase in the yarn density and compactnessof weave with irrespective of colours. Cloth thicknesses of printed samples were negligibly increased compared to controlsamples. GSM (gram per square meter) of control sample was relatively higher than printed sample. Irrespective of fibrecontent and type of print colours, maximum shrinkage was observed in weft direction than warp. Warp and weft waybending lengths of cotton control samples were found to be higher than printed samples. Control sample of cotton fabricshowed lower crease recovery angle than print colours. Ink-jet printing processes influences the physical properties ofprinted cotton fabric.

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